The Aquistore Project is an integrated carbon capture, transport and storage project that is looking to take CO2 captured from a set point source and transport it along a dedicated pipeline to an injection site currently being considered. The project is a collaborative research venture between governments and industry, and has received 5 million dollars in funding from both Sustainable Development Technology Canada and Saskatchewan Ministry of the Environment Go Green Fund. The target saline formation currently under consideration for injection is 2200 metres underground. The CO2 storage will be monitored, measured and verified through various innovative technologies. The learnings from this project, which is expected to begin injection of CO2 in 2013, before any other deep saline injection project in Canada, will help other projects achieve their goals.
The CCPC is an association of responsible, leading Canadian energy companies, as well as the Government of Canada and provincial governments. Members also include U.S. entities that have an interest in better understanding the development of our technology and sharing relevant information from their respective jurisdictions.
Its aim is to secure a future for coal-fired electricity generation, within the context of Canada's multi-fuelled electricity industry, by proactively addressing environmental challenges through technology development in partnership with governments and stakeholders.
Phase I was completed in early 2004 with the assessment of the technologies to be used in the demonstration. Phase II (technology gap analysis) commenced in spring 2004 and was completed in 2007. Phase III commenced in 2008. The CCPC’s work has led to spin-off projects by SaskPower and EPCOR where more detailed engineering has been done on potential demonstration projects.
Commenced: 2001 - on-going
Our long term research objectives are to develop optimal national solutions to effectively implement carbon dioxide reduction, capture, transportation, and storage in Canada. Our short term objectives and the ones addressed in this proposal are to develop a decision framework that will provide optimal strategies for the operation of an existing fleet of electric generating stations with CO2 mitigation constraints.
Ontario Power Generation
University of Waterloo
The main objective of the project is to develop a zero emissions solid electrolyte fuel cell that operates directly on ammonia. Targeted industrial applications are in stationary decentralized power generation (DG), combined heat and power (CHP), and industrial refrigeration. This project also aims to conduct a field trial demonstration using alkaline or conventional solid oxide fuel cells, in order to assess the technical barriers related to integrating a fuel cell with CHP and industrial refrigeration. The field trial/feasibility studies will help to achieve early adaptation of the technology. By 2025 in Canada, at least 1000 MW installed direct ammonia fuel cell generation capacity is being targeted.
One leading candidate method for geological storage of CO2 is enhanced coal bed methane (ECBM). This CO2 storage option possesses a unique advantage over most other methods in that it generates incremental revenue from gas production that can offset a significant portion of the costs of CO2 capture, transport and storage. In the future when price signals are defined for CO2 storage credits, it will become advantageous to maximize CO2 storage. Two important questions must be addressed before this is likely to come about. What are the costs of CO2 capture, transport and ECBM storage and what are the economics of the entire process under different market based CO2 credit scenarios? These are difficult questions to answer because of the complex nature of the problem. Quantification of the economic viability of ECBM CO2 sequestration is a necessary precondition to acceptance of the technology and commencement of industry sponsored pilot projects and commercial ventures.
This project involves the development of a computer model that will simulate the overall economics of capturing CO2 from emission point sources, transporting the CO2 via pipeline to coal beds, injection of the CO2 to induce production of gas and sequester the CO2 in the coal bed.
NRCan funding ended March 31, 2008
Model development complete, working out integration issues with last partner, Energy Navigator Inc. Bench-marking and calibration of the model will continue into the spring
Alberta Research Council
IPAC-CO2 will assess and advise on CCS projects around the world and share findings with other research organizations. IPAC-CO2 is an independent, credible and non-aligned organization that addresses the growing demand for expertise in sub-surface reservoirs for the geological storage of CO2. In addition to evaluating performance and risk issues and assessing proposed projects, IPAC-CO2 will:
For more information please visit their website: http://www.ipac-co2.com
Canada has recently completed its Clean Coal Technology Roadmap. The Roadmap concludes that Canada, as well as most other nations in the world, will remain dependent on coal as an energy source for at least another fifty to one hundred years as transitions are made to a lesser carbon intense energy infrastructure. Coal will continue to be the primary energy source for power generation as it is a secure and stable energy resource for countries that would otherwise be exposed to the uncertainty and irregularities of the oil, natural gas, and other energy markets. However, equally important to energy security is the need to address the environmental concerns associated with coal use including its impact on climate change. Canada, US, EU, Australia, and Japan all recognize the need for near zero emissions clean coal technologies and as such are investing heavily in research, development, demonstration, and new advanced clean coal commercial infrastructure.
In an effort to avoid duplication and foster collaboration in advancing near zero emission clean coal technology in Canada, the Clean Coal Technology Roadmap has advised that a web-based "National Intelligence Centre" be established to offer Canadian stakeholders access to screened information on clean coal technology developments that are happening throughtout the world and presented in a concise way as being relevant to Canada's clean coal strategic needs.
Our long term vision for this research is to propose optimal national solutions to effectively implement carbon dioxide reduction, capture, transportation, and storage.
These carbon management solutions shall include various processes associated with decarbonisation; carbon dioxide capture, transport, and sequestration; the use of new and/or improved fuel sources (nuclear, fossil fuels, renewables); improved efficiency of energy conversion and utilization; economic and market analysis; and alternative Canada energy policy options.
This proposal builds on current work of a number of our graduate students and also on other contracts and grants we have with NRCAN, OPG, and NSERC to develop modules for CO2 capture and sequestration processes. These modules include various technologies ranging from chemical absorption to fuel cells to the use of membranes.
Peter L. Douglas
University of Waterloo